Beginning to homeschool is a big step, and homeschooling an eighth grader is also a big decision. Yet, to help make the transition easier and to make the future clear - knowing what the requirements for a typical eighth grade course of study is definitely a help.
The typical requirements are quite simple, a credit for each of the basic core courses. Math, language arts, science, history, and electives. As homeschoolers, electives can be used in many situations from home economics (cooking), to other practical things such as automotive repair or sewing. Many homeschoolers begin a foreign language during the junior high years as well. This gives the student ample time to master the language.
The language arts during 8th focuses on refining writing skills, increasing vocabulary, and improving grammar and syntax. 8th grade math typically is an introduction to algebraic principles... often called pre-algebra. History is often U.S. History or sometimes a state history combination. The incorporation of some classic historical fiction provides a broader scope than basic textbook study. Science usually includes an introduction to physical and earth sciences. 8th grade requirements typically include a physical education elective as well.